In the United States, federal laws are meant to apply to everyone living and working in the country. If a federal law conflicts with a state or local law, it may not always be immediately clear which one takes precedence. Some federal laws explicitly state that they can be preempted by state or local laws, but when the answer isn’t clearly written in the law, it can leave some people guessing.
An ordinance recently passed in Miami-Dad County in Florida raised the minimum wage for employees of contractors servicing Miami-Dade County or using airports owned by the county. The ordinance includes employees of third-party firms who provide janitors, security guards and clerical workers.
Amerijet International Inc. sued the county, alleging the ordinance violated the 1975 Airline Deregulation Act as well as the 1994 Federal Aviation Administration Authorization Act. Amerijet also argued that the Commerce Clause and Equal Protection Clause of the U.S. Constitution should prevent it from having to pay increased rates to baggage handlers who also handle baggage for other airlines at Miami International Airport.
The court ruled in favor of the county, so Amerijet appealed the decision up to the Eleventh Circuit Court, which upheld the lower court’s ruling. Amerijet then appealed to the Supreme Court, which refused to hear arguments for the case and upheld the ruling of the circuit court. Continue reading